The technology industry is preparing for Flash “funeral”

Lead: “Wall Street Journal” Sunday newspaper However, Flash’s security has been suffering from illness, some industry insiders even think that Flash drags the development of the webpage. The recent information security accident once again shows that Flash should go to die.

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Facebook Chief Security Erix Stamos makes Adobe last week: Stop repairing Flash’s vulnerability and abandoning this software directly. Google and Mozilla have also made a similar statement. Because of a severe vulnerability exposure, Google and Mozilla have temporarily disable flash in the browser. The attitude of these Internet giants reflects the fading of Flash, which also shows that the development of mobile devices is rapidly revolutionizing the market environment.

Adobe is still publishing Flash and regular security updates for users. If users are still worried, Flash is not conducive to system performance or security risks, so you can uninstall flash from your computer. However, they may not browse some of the video and interactive content.

Danny Brian, Vice President of Gartner Research, believes that Flash’s demise is inevitable. “This trend is very obvious” at least one or two years ago. “

Flash was born in the early 1990s, initially positioned as an easy-to-use digital animation tool. Flash is then pre-installed in almost every computer. In 2005, Adobe spent $ 3.4 billion acquisition of Macromedia, and Flash is the basis of this transaction. Youtube’s streaming video technology is originally based on Flash, and Netflix is ??also the case. The advertising company regards Flash as an important tool for making online advertising. For a long time, Flash is considered to be an eternal existence on the Internet.

In 2007, Apple launched the first generation of iPhone, and Adobe engineers quickly accepted this phone. Adobe’s senior engineer Carlos Icaraza said: “Everyone in the company uses the iPhone.”

Ikar is responsible for the development of mobile Flash, and the appearance of iPhone also brought to him new problems. In many years of development, Flash becomes more complex and requires a lot of calculation resources to run. In the PC side, this is not a big problem. However, on the mobile terminal, since the mobile phone battery capacity is limited, the complex program will result in greater power consumption. Therefore, Apple chooses not supporting flash.

Flash needs to be re-developed to run on the iPhone. However, Ikar failed to convince its own bosses to assign enough resources for this project. He said: “For me, the situation is, ‘What happened? We have such a powerful equipment. This device will change the world, and everyone is familiar with it. However, no one in the company tried to let Flash This device is running. “

Another Adobe pre-executive said Adobe highly wants to provide Flash authorization to the iPhone, but failed to reach an agreement with Apple.

When IPAD was released in April 2010, Apple did CEO Steve Jobs publicly discussed Ikaza as seen a few years ago: Flash consumes serious electricity, and there are many security vulnerabilities, so it is not suitable for Apple Mobile platform.

Jobs I also didn’t like Flash. According to Walter Isaacson, “Jobs Biography”, due to the 1999 Adobe refused to let the Adobe Premiere video editing software as industry standards run on the Macintosh computer, Jobs has been worried. At that time, Apple was in a dilemma.

For video software developers Brightcove, Jobs’s allegations are sufficient. The company’s business has previously been based on Flash, but then use other tools to replace Flash.

BRIGHTCOVE Chairman and founder Jeremy Allaire said: “Soon, the entire video ecosystem begins to turn.” Similar to YouTube, Brightcove uses open standard free software, such technology is both suitable for both The desktop end is also suitable for the mobile.

Adobe is still providing tools to help users make Flash-based websites and get income from them. Adobe also tries to sell the Flash server side software, but this product is difficult to compete with free tools. Flash is still bundled with Microsoft IE browser, Google Chrome OS system, and Apple Mac OS system, but Adobe cannot get any income from such cooperation. Adobe itself also believes that Flash is not very important to the company’s business. Currently, Flash only accounts for less than 5% of the total ADOBE revenue. However, there is still a considerable part of the website to use Flash to develop. According to the Internet Technology Tracking Because of the data of Builtwith Pty Ltd, there is currently less than 6% of the website home page to develop Flash, but this proportion is declining.

Similar to Brightcove, Adobe is also transformed. The company developed Creative Cloud tools for software developers based on Flash-based alternative technology. Creative Cloud supports Flash, but Adobe is making more investment in the HTML5 open web standard in the past 4 years. Microsoft is currently turning to HTML5, and abandoned the Flash Competitor Silverlight developed by the company. Microsoft said that it will stop support for Silverlight in the next six years.

Flash slipped from the peak period and did not affect the profitability of Adobe. Since Jobs puts a criticism for Flash, Adobe stock prices have doubled.

Adobe has not received Starmos’s recommendations, but if Flash has not yet died, it is not far from demise. For example, Netflix currently only retains 1 member of the 5th Flash Development Team. Roman Staroushnik is the last person of Netflix adheres to flash development. With regard to Flash’s decline, he published such a “merit”:

“This happens is sad because it is an excellent platform. Flash bridges the gap between designers and developers.”

Attached: Flash development major evolution

1993: FutureWave launched SmartSketch graphics software, this software uses a touch pen, not a keyboard to operate.

1996: With the development of the World Wide Web, FutureWave re-produced SmartSketch as Futuresplash Animator. This software can add animation and video on a static page, so it has quickly developed. Macromedia acquired FutureWave.

2005: YouTube has introduced Flash-based streaming video services. This software is then pre-installed in almost every computer. In the Japanese mobile phone market, Flash content brings more than $ 1.4 billion income to NTT DoComo. Adobe acquired Flash with $ 3.4 billion.

2007: Apple launched the first generation iPhone, but refused to support Flash. Apple believes that Flash has a large problem of power consumption.

2010: Apple launched the iPad. Jobs said that ipad will never support flash. Brightcove and other digital video companies announce a giving abandoning Flash and stepping to open standards.

2011: Netflix provides streaming video services using Flash. But Adobe CEO Shan Tanu Nara (Shantanu Narayen) began to weaken Flash. He said in the interview with Dr. Wall Street Journal, Flash is just a small part of the company’s business.

2015: Information security researchers have found that Flash has severe vulnerabilities. Google and Mozilla are temporarily disabled in their respective browsers. Facebook Chief Information Security Officer appeals to Adobe to abandon this software.